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Occupational Therapy in Elderly Care

What is Occupational Therapy? Occupational therapy is the use of treatments to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental or developmental condition. Occupational therapy interventions focus on adapting the environment, modifying the task, teaching the skill, and educating the client/family in order to increase participation in and […]

What is Occupational Therapy?

Occupational therapy is the use of treatments to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental or developmental condition.

Occupational therapy interventions focus on adapting the environment, modifying the task, teaching the skill, and educating the client/family in order to increase participation in and performance of daily activities, particularly those that are meaningful to the client

Occupational Therapy in elderly care is often about providing aids and adaptations to help the elderly person maintain a degree of independence in their own home and daily living.

As people age, they physically degenerate and many develop joint problems. Osteoarthritis is a debilitating disease affecting up to 80% of elderly adults. Among those living on their own, it is the leading cause of an inability to engage in daily activities, especially if the knee or hip is affected. For many people, the only long-term option is hip/knee replacement.

However, there are a great variety of aids and adaptations available that can help people to retain their independence and quality of life. Assessments for elderly people tend to be about providing aids to help them retain independence. Their physical needs are assessed, such as walking, joint movements, motor functions in the hand, ability to use stairs – all the things they need to do to manage in our own homes. They can use various aids and minor adaptations that help people to manage better and to keep them safe from risks of falls. This could be anything such as grab handles and rails in the bathroom and next to the outside doors, walking frames, large digit telephones, stair lifts – there is a huge amount available.

Occupational Therapy Techniques

  • Evaluation
  • ADL training
  • Muscle re-education
  • Perceptual motor training
  • Fine motor coordination
  • Neuro-development treatment
  • Sensory treatment
  • Orthodontics / Splinting
  • Adaptive equipment

Physical Therapy

  • Evaluation
  • Therapeutic exercise
  • Gait training
  • Ultrasound
  • Transfer training
  • Home exercise program
  • Prosthetic training
  • Home softy evaluation

Speech Therapy

  • Evaluation
  • Voice disorder treatment
  • Dysphagia treatment
  • Language disorder treatment
  • Aural rehabilitation

Occupational Therapists, along with many other elderly care specialists work in a number of care homes across the country. If you require specialist needs when searching for a care home, be sure to review online directories of care providers in your area, such as www.trustedcare.co.uk

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