Sleepless nights? We all have been there, from homework as students to paperwork as full-fledged adults so should have already sensed the relationship between sleep and an individual’s ability to function throughout the day — after all, everyone has experienced fatigue which sometimes had been followed by sickness.
Lack of sleep can surely affect your immune system. What many people don’t realize is that sleep deprivation can lead to long-term health problems, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease, which may lead to a shortened life expectancy. So how does lack of sleep really increase the chance of getting diseases? Check out below.
The Relationship of Sleep Deprivation and Chronic Diseases
Many types of studies have been conducted in order to prove the link between sleep deprivation and chronic diseases such as the third type of research which is also the most convincing among the other three main types of evidence. This study has provided information about how long-term sleep habits are associated with the development of many diseases which was obtained from tracking healthy individuals acquire illness through lack of sleep.
Dr. Eric J. Olson, M.D. explains how sleep affects health by deteriorating the immune system during sleep. Through decreasing the production of the cytokines—the proteins that promote sleep which also helps your body when you have an infection—your body’s infection-fighting antibodies and cells are reduced, resulting to obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases through long-term sleep deprivation.
This condition is due to the hormones leptin and ghrelin which affects an individual’s appetite due to lower levels of leptin—which alerts the brain that it has enough food— and higher levels of ghrelin which stimulates appetite. By this, one gains weight due to food cravings even after having eaten an adequate number of calories because of sleep deprivation.
Obesity is considered an epidemic in the United States because this condition puts people at a higher risk for serious diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Obesity and sleep deprivation has been linked to a high probability for weight gain, and it was shown in several studies that people who habitually sleep less than six hours per night are much more likely to gain weight than people who sleep eight hours.
Type 2 Diabetes is what sleep deprivation most probably will lead you to. Researchers have found that due to lack of sleep, the glucose (a high-energy carbohydrate that cells use for fuel) is restricted due to sleep deprivation which results in having higher blood sugar level which can seriously be harmful to your body and might lead to problems with your heart, kidneys, eyes, and blood vessels.
Many conducted studies have found that adults who didn’t get more than five hours of sleep each night increase the risk of developing or having diabetes. On the other hand, improving your sleep quality may enhance blood sugar control according to research which is why healthy sleep is a must. Read reading materials on how to sleep better such as visiting the counting sheep research site.
Heart Diseases and Elevated Blood Pressure
Evidence through research proves that due to sleep disruption, people are more likely to experience heart disease, stroke, irregular heartbeats, and hypertension. In addition to the researchers’ studies, a correlation between sleep apnea and heart disease is connected. Due to the multiple awakenings each night, apnea sufferers experience brief surges in blood pressure each time they wake up thus leads to chronic elevation of blood pressure which is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
In addition to this, people with high blood pressure who do not get more than five hours of sleep may worsen the symptoms such as elevating the person’s blood pressure the following day after a sleepless night.
Sleep is as important as eating healthy—and as much as how it is important for our body; it is also as much as how people tend to take it for granted. The list of possible serious illnesses due to sleep deprivation has been tackled above and this shows how it can affect a person’s health, which is why it is needed to have a quality sleep. Read materials that can help you have better sleep such as the counting sheep research site.