5 ways to protect yourself from air pollution

We list 5 DIY ways to keep air pollution and its harmful effects at bay.

Air pollution getting you down? You cannot do much about the rising pollution levels in your city, but you can certainly take measures to protect yourself. Here are 5 measures to try –

1 Buy an air purifier mask. The simplest and most proactive step you can take towards keeping air pollution at bay, is to invest in an air purifier mask online. There are a variety of options in air purifier masks online, but be sure to get the best one because it will be the most effective. The best air purifier masks online offer up to 98% filtering action against particulate matter, soot, dust, moisture droplets and toxic gases. They are also fitted with micro fans to keep the inside of the mask cool for up to 2.5 hours for every use. The best air purifier masks online are manufactured by leading brands that deliver the products direct to your home.

2 Invest in air conditioner or air purifier units for the home. Install a central air-conditioning system for your house, or buy air purifier units for each room. These are essential if you live close to a main arterial road in your city with dense traffic, or if there is constant construction activity in the locality, or if there is a perpetual smog cover in the sky most days of the year.

3 Spend as much time in green environs as you can. There is a reason why your soul calms down in green areas – the natural green cover soothes your eyes, and trees provide purer air by processing carbon dioxide to offer oxygen. The green cover might be depleting fast in your city, but you can do your bit by planting air purifying plants like basil and rosemary at home. Meanwhile, seek out open public spaces with ample greenery to spend time in.

4 Take a break and head for purer climes. Constant exposure to air pollution can cause several physical and mental ailments. From respiratory problems to anxiety, air pollution is directly or indirectly responsible for a host of health concerns. Make it a point to head to higher altitudes with pure and crisp air whenever you can. Go for a trek in the mountains, spend time in an area with heavy rainfall (where the dust and pollution settle down and are washed away) or take a breather in a hill station close by. Your lungs need time to recuperate with fresh air, and these measures can keep you in good health.

5 Eat and drink to detox. Apart from external influences, it is important to purify the body from the inside as well. The food and beverages you consume play a big role in promoting better health. Your body needs help in eliminating the toxin build-up in the system. Make it a point to eat a lot of seasonal produce to provide fibre for efficient waste removal, and drink green/chamomile/turmeric-ginger tea to flush out toxins and keep the system hydrated.





The Ins and Outs of Hip Replacement Surgery

During the process of hip replacement, a surgeon eliminates the damaged parts of the hip joint and replaces them with parts typically made using ceramic, metal and very hard plastic. This artificial joint assists in relieving pain and enhance function. Also referred to as total hip arthroplasty, hip replacement surgery may be a choice for those patients whose hip pain interferes with every day activities and more conventional treatments have not assisted or are no more effectual. One of the most common reasons to need hip replacement is arthritis damage. When it comes to getting hip replacement done, it becomes vital to consult with a leading surgeon for getting hip replacement surgery in India.

Conditions that require hip replacement surgery

  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis produces a kind of inflammation which can wear away cartilage and intermittently primary bone, resulting in malformed and damaged joints.
  • Osteoarthritis: Also known as wear and tear arthritis, osteoarthritis injures the cartilage which covers the ends of bones and assists joints move efficiently.
  • Osteonecrosis: In case there is insufficient blood supply to the ball part of the hip joint, the bone may distort and subside.

In case of any of these above mentioned conditions, a hip replacement surgery becomes very important. Apart from this the hip replacement may be considered in case an individual is experiencing hip pain which is .

  • Making it hard to rise from a seated position
  • Persistent pain in spite of medication
  • Affecting the ability to go up or down stairs
  • Hampering the sleep
  • Getting worse with walking, even with a walker or cane

Common types of risks

Since hip replacement is a major surgery, a number of risks are associated with it which may include the following:

  • Infection: This can take place at the place of the incision and in the deeper tissue near the new hip. Usually the infections are treated with antibiotics, but a major infection near the prosthesis may necessitate surgery to replace and remove the prosthesis.
  • Blood clots: Post surgery there are chances that clots may form in the leg veins. This can be hazardous as a portion of a clot can break away and move to the heart, lung as well as brain. Thus, in most cases the doctor may recommend blood thinning medications to decrease this risk.
  • Change in length of the leg: Even though the surgeon takes steps to prevent the problem, but at times a new hip may make one leg shorter or longer than the other. Thus is usually caused by a contracture of muscles around the hip. In such cases, stretching and strengthening those muscles progressively may assist.
  • Fracture: During surgery, healthy part of the hip joint may rupture. At times the fractures are so tiny that they repair on their own, but bigger fractures may require fixing with pins, wires, as well as a bone graft or metal plate
  • Loosening:Even though this problem is uncommon with newer implants, the new joint may not become firmly fixed to the bone or may loosen in due course and this may cause pain in the hip. Surgery is required to get the problem fixed.
  • Dislocation: Certain positions can cause the ball of the new joint to become dislodged, especially in the first few months after surgery. In case the hip dislocates, the doctor may fix it using a brace to keep the hip in the accurate position. In case the hip continues to dislocate surgery is frequently required to steady it.

Necessity for second hip replacement

The prosthetic hip joint may wear out ultimately, so in case an individual has hip replacement surgery when they are comparatively active and young, they might need a second hip replacement. But the new materials these days are making implants to last longer, so a second replacement may not be required.

How to get the patient ready for the surgery?

Prior to surgery the patient will meet with the orthopedic surgeon for an assessment. The surgeon would

  • Carry out a short general physical examination to ensure they are healthy enough to undergo surgery
  • Ask about the current medications and medical history
  • Test the hip, focusing on the range of motion in the joint and the strength of the nearby muscles
  • Recommend blood tests, an MRI and perhaps an X-ray

This preoperative assessment is a good opportunity for the patient to ask questions about the surgical procedure. Be sure to determine which medications to avoid or continue to take in the week prior to surgery.

What the patient can expect?


When the patient checks in for your surgery, they will be asked to take away the clothes and put on a hospital dress. A general anesthetic or a spinal block is usually administered to numb the lower half of the body.

During the surgical procedure

To carry out a hip replacement, the surgeon may need to do the following things:

  • Make a slit over the side or front of the hip, via the layers of tissue
  • Eliminate damaged and unhealthy cartilage and bone
  • Insert the prosthetic socket into the pelvic bone, to substitute the damaged socket
  • Change the round ball above the femur with the prosthetic ball, which is affixed to a stem that fits into the thighbone

With the advancement in medical science more new techniques are coming which are ideal as they help in reducing the pain and discomfort level and at the same time make the recovery time much faster.

After the procedure

Post surgery, the patient will be moved to a recovery area for a few hours while the anesthesia subsides. The doctor, surgeon and nurse will continuously keep a close tab on the pulse, blood pressure, alertness, comfort or pain level, and the need for medications. Post surgery, the patient will be at increased risk of blood clots in the legs. Therefore, the doctor may prescribe blood thinning medication, early mobilization and pressure application. Physical therapy may also be recommended as it helps the patient with some exercises that they can do in the hospital and at home to speed up the recovery.




How You Can Support Your Loved One In Recovery

If someone that you love is currently in recovery for a substance abuse disorder, you are probably wondering how you can be as supportive as possible to them. Healing from a substance use issue can be very difficult, and many people struggle with this issue for years before they are able to successfully overcome their addictions. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, over seven million Americans were dealing with a substance abuse disorder in 2014 alone, and this number may have risen in recent years. Fortunately, there are many places that people can go to to get the help that they need, whether they be addiction rehab centers in Florida or alternative treatments in other states. With this kind of medical support and treatment, along with the support and love of people who care, your loved one can get the help that they need and begin their successful recovery today.

The first and most important thing that you can do for a loved one in recovery is simply to be there for them and continue to be their friend. Many people alienate and drive away their friends and loved ones when they are in the throes of an addiction, so sticking by someone when they are in recovery is key. You don’t have to see them every day, of course, but make phone calls, text messages, emails, letters, and in-person visits a regular part of your life. Your loved one will appreciate your checking in with them and making sure that they know that they are not forgotten. Too often, people will turn their back on someone who is in recovery because they are angry about their actions when they were using. This will actually discourage someone who is trying to heal. Instead, try to forgive them for their past actions and keep an open mind about their future recovery.

When you talk to your loved one in recovery, keep the subject focused on the future and try to keep it positive. You don’t have to ignore the issues that they are having right now, but you should not focus on the things that you or they have done in the past. This includes not only any negative things that may have happened because of their substance use, which will only make them feel even more ashamed and guilty but also any of the fun times that you had together when they were still using, which will make them feel nostalgia for a past that was actually very dangerous and destructive. Try to find things in the future that they can look forward to, such as a game played by their favorite sports team, an album or concert tour by one of their favorite musicians or bands, or a book coming out on a subject that they are interested in. Feel free to provide them with interesting media to keep them optimistic and thinking about the future, but avoid books, movies, music, and television that is about the subject of drug abuse or features main characters who are currently using. These can be very triggering for someone who is trying to overcome an addiction, so stick to positive stories.

Another way that you can support and encourage your loved one as they work through their addiction and other issues is learn about the recovery process and to praise them on the progress that they have made so far. Try to become educated on the issues surrounding recovery so that you can be prepared for the worst. For example, between 40 and 60 percent of all people dealing with a substance use disorder may relapse, according to the National Institute of Drug Abuse, so any time spent abstaining should be celebrated. Learn about the Different types of addiction treatment programs that are available to your friend or loved one so that you can make recommendations and support them when they need help. Don’t be afraid to talk to them about alternative therapies that can further help their recovery, including practices like yoga, mindfulness, meditation, animal therapies, musical therapies, and others. Encourage your loved one to join support groups where they can meet others who are successfully working on their recovery.

Finally, don’t give up. Recovery can be hard and take time, but it is worth it. With hard work and support, your loved one can heal and get better.


Quitting Drugs and Staying Sober

One of the best parts of attending a professional drug treatment program is being able to discover solutions to stop drug addiction that help you at the moment and for the duration of your life. You can add to your odds of complete recovery.

The Solution to Healing From Addiction

Finding solutions to stop drug addiction requires paying close attention to the things you learn about your addiction during treatment. Not only does it make it easier to quit taking drugs, but it makes it possible to stay off of them for a lifetime. Undergoing a medical detox and treatment program is the beginning of the battle, but you’ll learn the critical pieces of information you need to help keep moving forward.

Learning About Your Addiction

Keeping a journal during your treatment stay will prove helpful for the next phase of recovery. Write down all of the specifics you learn about why you did drugs, when, where, who you were with, and any other bits of information you glean on the way. You will begin to see a picture emerge of places you should avoid, people you shouldn’t hang around anymore, and recognize why you were tempted to do drugs.

What are your specific triggers?

Triggers are events or thoughts at the moment that tip the scales and push you towards a relapse. You need to learn everything you can about triggers and how to derail them before taking the plunge and using drugs. It’s one of the most powerful tools you can have to use at any time.

Methods of Defeating Triggers

Learn a few ways to defeat your triggers that are nearly fool-proof. If you find that your mind begins obsessing about drug use, get your mind moving on to another subject. If you find cravings coming on by certain activities, stop and do something else. If driving through particular neighborhoods bring you in contact with former fellow users or dealers, avoid the area at all cost.

Stress and Relapse

The risk of relapse increases during periods of life that are highly stressful and anxiety-ridden. You need to develop ways to manage stress and reduce it quickly. You can begin experimenting with methods that work for you during your treatment. Yoga, meditation, getting good sleep, eating a healthy diet, and choosing to surround yourself with relaxing sounds and hobbies can prove personally nourishing.

Finding Relaxing Activities You Enjoy

What are the kind of activities you enjoy that help you stay relaxed and satisfied? You can try taking up gourmet cooking, fishing, horseback riding, hiking, oil painting, drawing, sewing, and any form of entertaining or skilled activity you find helpful. Keeping your hands and mind active help continue the progress you make in getting and staying free of drugs.

Getting Exercise In Nature

Almost nothing beats the healing power of getting out in nature. You can begin enjoying a daily commune with nature by taking walks while you are in your treatment program. It’s one way to feel grounded and connected with the natural energy of the earth. Continue once you go home by spending the day hiking, surfing, skiing, biking, or any outdoor activity you prefer and is in your local area.

Maintain Contact With Support Group Members

You most likely will not stay in contact with everyone in your realm of experience after leaving treatment, but you need to stay connected with sponsors and support members that are designated to help you when you feel temptation. It could include family members, therapists, and recovered addicts.

Continuing Care for Addiction Recovery

Stay aware of the availability of Continuing care for addiction recovery. You should stick with therapy and support group activities after you are out of treatment. If you do find yourself relapsing, even for a one-time use of drugs, contact your therapist for support for getting right back on track. You can enter treatment again for a quick boost to your recovery if you fall into complete relapse. No matter the circumstances, there are always options to keep on track with recovering.

Drug addiction recovery is not a simple process that takes place over a couple of weeks and then everything is suddenly better. It’s a process that you will work on the rest of your life. Keep the beneficial tips handy to make the times of temptation easier to resist.


What is an Invisible Hearing Aid?


Amongst the many various styles that are available, one of the most popular in the last few years has been the invisible type. Tiny and discreet, it fits deep within the ear canal enabling it to be virtually undetectable, providing the wearer with added personal confidence. An invisible hearing aid can be worn to combat any level of hearing loss but does it perform as efficiently as a more conventional model?

Style and Design

These small, Completely in Canal (CIC) hearing aids are indeed invisible. Some are designed to fit as closely as within a millimetre or two of the ear drum while others aren’t fitted quite so deeply. They are supplied fully customisable but always ensure that your audiologist is qualified in taking the complex impression of your ear canal otherwise your hearing could suffer even more. Such invisible designs are unobtrusive and comfortable to wear. Each one will always have an extraction cord fitted to enable you to remove it easily.


One of the main benefits of an invisible CIC style is that where it rests in your ear canal it is in contact with the bonier area which doesn’t resonate in the same way as the exterior part of your ear which largely comprises of cartilage. This avoids the irritating feeling of being able to listen to the sound of your own voice inside your head which is professionally referred to as occlusion. Due to its locality within the ear canal, the invisible hearing aid has its tiny microphone in a position that doesn’t cause any interference when using the telephone. This is a positive advantage for anyone who has a job which involves answering frequent calls. Hearing sounds in your immediate vicinity both in front and behind is known as acoustic localisation. An invisible hearing aid performs extremely well in this area as it doesn’t obstruct the outer ear.


The miniature size of an invisible hearing aid limits its strength and prevents the inclusion of wireless technology which can provide a superior performance. Deciphering sound in very noisy environments can sometimes be difficult due to there only being enough space for a single microphone rather than a dual version. The unit needs a regular and thorough maintenance regime which includes brushing the surface to keep it free of ear wax. It will usually contain a filter to deter a build up of wax and needs to be changed frequently. Consequently, anyone experiencing a limited level of manual dexterity might find it difficult to maintain an invisible hearing aid. In addition, the shape of your ear canal will ultimately determine the suitability of wearing this type of model. People with ear canals that are much straighter often experience difficulties in keeping them fitted in correctly as even the action of eating will cause them to work their way into the outer ear. Contact Hear4U to discover if an invisible hearing aid is the right style for you.


Prerequisites & Questions You Need To Know Before Surgery

‘Surgery’, a word that scares even the bravest of hearts. After all, trusting a team of people, however, highly-skilled professionals they might be, to make a fundamental change in your body, and “hoping for the best” doesn’t exactly sound comfortable. However, doctors of orthopedic hospital in Kolkata, Delhi and other metropolises suggest that gaining knowledge about the plan of action decided by the doctors increases the belief of a successful surgery.

It is important for you to understand the risks and outcomes associated with your surgery. As per multiple surveys from orthopedic hospitals across India, here are some important factors, which lay the foundation of a successful surgery:-

Have a primary discussion with your surgeon. Use layman references to describe the initial stages, pain magnitude and sensations related to the condition.

Keeping proper records of the Medical History of yourself and your family members is of the utmost importance. Knowledge of previous medical issues, genetic or personal, helps avoid complications in surgery as well as future.

Are you allergic to something? Reveal all the details to your doctor. Allergies can be due to food, smell or even medicines. Submit a list of all the medications you’ve been taking and elaborate the after-effects of allergy to avoid a counter reaction from surgery essentials like anesthesia.

Take for instance, your leg is undergoing surgery. In such a situation, previous medical records like X-ray or MRI taken during your previous leg injury will assist the doctor in making necessary changes.

Raise concerns about the slightest of issues. Will it heal completely? Will you be on medications forever? What is the worst case scenario? Don’t step into a surgery with doubts in your head.

According to experts at AMRI Hospital Kolkata, an orthopedic hospital in Kolkata, make sure you observe these steps before surgery:

An identity band will be attached to your body, generally to your hand. This is for the hospital to identify you uniquely. Since same names can create confusion, the hospital assign numbers to avoid any such scenario.

It is hospital protocol that you are enquired about allergies, medicines, drug abuse and other details on a repetitive basis. Make sure you do not hide anything under any circumstances. In case you think you have missed out on something, mention it immediately.

A final discussion will happen with you where you’ll be given a consent form to sign. Read it carefully or ask your family member to read it. It consists of details about the surgical procedure, risks and accountability involved in your medical case.

Followed by this, the doctor will use a marker to outline the area on your skin where surgery is to be performed.

Make sure that the person with you takes care of all the hospital formalities like medical policy submission, legal document photocopies, mode of payment etc. He/she can also take care of your personal belongings while you are gone for surgery.

The most important aspect is to relax and look forward to a successful surgery. Unnecessary panic will only make things difficult for you. Think of the improvement in your life after the surgery and if that doesn’t work, just keep counting sheep as you slip into a better life.